Nightmares Where Every Night is A Fantasy
Baltimore-Hairspray, The Musical
I love you Baltimore
Every day's like an open door
Every night is a fantasy
Every sound's like a symphony
And I promise Baltimore
That some day when I take to the floor
The world's gonna wake up and see
Gonna wake up and see Baltimore and me
For a city that never seemed to have its moment, there can be little nostalgia. (Who yearns for the Baltimore of One on One? Anyone?) But there still needs to be context. Thanks to the University of Maryland Law School for this breakdown of what happened in Baltimore. The story is similar to the rest of the nation.
1960Sit-ins at Northwood Shopping Center lunch counters by students from Morgan State College, Johns Hopkins University and Goucher College.
Sit-in at Hooper's Restaurant in downtown Baltimore by Morgan State and black high school students results in the arrest conviction of demonstrators (Maryland v. Bell). ("Legal History of the Great Sit-in Case" by Prof. William Reynolds)
Other sit-in demonstrations at area restaurants.
Congress enacts the 1960 Civil Rights Act reaching voting discrimination in state elections.
1961Green v State, 225 Md 422 (1961) arrest and conviction of civil rights protesters at Glen Echo Amusement Park affirmed by the Maryland Court of Appeals.
AFRO AMERICAN newspaper reporter George Collins dons African diplomatic garb to get service at a Fayette Street restaurant.
Freedom rides along Route 40 to desegregate public accommodations.
NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall nominated by President John Kennedy to the U.S. Court of appeals for the Second Circuit.
1962Setting for Hairspray the musical [with 1963 just around the corner].
Bell v. Maryland, 227 Md 302 (1962) the Court of Appeals uphold the conviction of high school and college students including the named plaintiff Robert Bell, now chief judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals, for trying to integrate Hooper's Restaurant.
Dr. Martin Luther King speaks to 3,5000 people at Willard W. Allen Masonic Temple urging continued non-violence demonstrations opposing segregation.
President Kennedy orders federal marshals to escort James Meredith, the first black student to be permitted to enroll at the University of Mississippi.
1963Protest organized by white and black ministers against Gwynn Oak Amusement Park in Baltimore County for excluding blacks with mass arrests.
Northwood Movie Theatre admits black patrons after eight years of protest.
General Assembly enacts an open accommodations law, outlawing race-based segregation in restaurants, hotels, theaters, stores, beaches and recreational facilities - but the law only applies to Baltimore and twelve of the state's twenty-three counties.
An estimated 250,000 people join in the March on Washington, where Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his famous I Have a Dream speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
1964The Buddy Deane show cancelled.
Maryland General Assembly extends open accommodations law to the entire state.
U.S. Congress enacts the 1964 Civil Rights Act, prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations and employment.
Griffin v. Maryland , 378 U.S. 130 (1964) (arrests of Glen Echo Amusement Park demonstrators reverses Green case).